An electrical current is a flow of charged particles, either electrons or ions. Electrical currents have been applied to biological systems to alter or change physiological processes in tissue structure.
Many forms of electrical therapy exist and are dependent upon alterations and changes in the electrical current and voltage. Three of the most commonly utilized electrical forms are:
- Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) which is used for reducing acute and chronic pain.
- Interferential therapy (IFC) which is commonly used to reduce pain and swelling. Extremely effective for post-operative conditions and sports injuries.
- Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) which increases muscle strength, reduces pain, decreases spasticity, reduces tone in muscles, and improves muscle recruitment.
These electrical therapies are an effective and research proven way to supplement the hands-ons and exercise components of any rehabilitation program!